Diabetes is the major disease that causes serious damage to retina. It is often observed that retina specialists encounter majority of eye damage patients who suffer from diabetes. Due to these reasons, it might not be wrong to say that diabetes is the leading cause of blindness among patients. Apart from other major organs, it seriously affects the eyes.
Diabetic Retinopathy Symptoms
Types of Diabetic Retinopathy
The two types include Background diabetic retinopathy (BDR) and Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).
Background Diabetic Retinopathy
BDR is characterized as initial stage of the disease and results in hemorrhages, lipoid exudates and microaneurysms. This causes leakage of blood vessels just under macula.
Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
It results in neovascularization, which is growth of blood vessels inside retina of human eye. This growth is dangerous as it shoots off blood vessels over retina. Sometimes, this growth moves into iris and may possibly rupture retina resulting in hemorrhages. It is also observed that blood vessels can separate retina and result in retinal detachment for the eye.
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How to Diagnose Retina Problems?
The method of diagnosis is not sophisticated and rather easy. When diagnosing the issue, majority of ophthalmologists use fluorescein angiogram. The process involves capturing bundle of photos using special filter after injecting the subject using fluorescein.
The fluorescein acts as a highlighter showing damage among the blood vessels in retina area. It is often seem that most patients get themselves diagnosed of retina damage using the same procedure applied by the doctor.
Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment
The process of treatment starts after successful diagnose of the issue. There are a number of treatment procedures applied for Diabetic Retinopathy. No matter which type of retinopathy the patient is suffering from, the treatment process remains the same.
The procedure involves using argon laser to seal leakage among damaged blood vessels. It also supports and strengthens up weak vessels which are about to burst. The treatment is considered effective, since it immediately stops further damage to retina. When doing neovascularization, laser burns act as blocking medium to stop leaking among vessels. The patient may need to go 2 or 3 times visit to complete the procedure. However, the time period may vary depending upon severity of the problem.
How to Prevent Diabetic Retinopathy
It is rather unfortunate that diabetic retinopathy cannot be stopped from occurring. However, the only way to prevent is to prevent diabetes altogether. By maintaining blood sugar levels under normal range, eating healthy and doing exercise daily, it is possible to cure diabetes. With onset of diabetes, it rather becomes impossible to neglect chances of disease occurrence, which results from diabetic disorders.
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